“The Giver” Part Two (Chapters 3-5)

Answer the following questions using complete sentences:

  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of “Sameness” in Jonas’s community?
  2. What is unique about Jonas’s eyes? What do you think this means?
  3. Give two specific examples of hypocrisy in Jonas’s community.
  4. What happened to the apple? What do you think this means?
  5. Describe what makes this society seem like a utopia.

POINT OF VIEW:

Read about the different types of point of view and decide which point of view you think “The Giver” is written in. Why do you think Lois Lowry chose that point of view? You may also watch this video when you are done taking notes: https://www.flocabulary.com/point-of-view/

FIRST PERSON – The narrator is a character in the story. The story is told from his/her perspective using the pronouns I, me, my, mine, myself, we, etc. This allows a close up view of one persons’s thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a story.

PROS: By the end of the story you know that one character VERY WELL. Also allows for suspense since your knowledge is limited.

CONS: You do not know the thoughts or intentions of the other characters. If the narrator is biased, you have a skewed perception of what really happened.

SECOND PERSON – The narrator is directing the reader. Uses the pronouns you and your.

PROS: Gets the reader’s attention and makes him/her feel like he/she is a part of the story.

CONS: Awkward to read at times and is not very common in narrative writing. More useful when writing instructions or directions.

THIRD PERSON LIMITED – The narrator is NOT a part of the story. They tell the story from “outside” looking in. With LIMITED, the narrator only focuses on one character and only reveals the thoughts and feelings of that one character.

PROS: The narrater feels less biased than in first person, but you still get to know and understand one character very well. Allows for suspense since your knowledge is limited.

CONS: You do not get to know the other characters as well and it is not quite as intimate as first person.

THIRD PERSON OBJECTIVE – The narrator is NOT a part of the story. They tell the story from “outside” looking in. With OBJECTIVE, the narrator DOES NOT reveal ANY thoughts or feelings for ANY of the characters.

PROS: The reader can focus on the characters’s words and actions and make their own conclusions. Great for suspense since the reader has very limited knowledge.

CONS: Does not allow the readers to connect as easily with the characters since they are never able to know their thoughts, feelings, or intentions.

THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT – The narrator is NOT a part of the story. They tell the story from “outside” looking in. With OMNISCIENT the narrator knows everything. Omniscient means “all-knowing.” The narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters.

PROS: The reader has a great understanding of what is happening the the story since he/she knows the thoughts, intentions, and feelings of most, if not all, of the characters.

CONS: Not true to life and does not allow the reader to get to know one character as well as first person or third person limited.

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